With names that echo tropical islands, fond memories and sassy puns — who’d ever suspect those cute bottles of nail polish are filled with many concerning chemicals?
Unfortunately there isn’t an all-natural option for nail polish. But there are products that have fewer ingredients with serious health concerns. If you are one to use a polish on your fingers or toes, here are few important things to look for:
“3-free”: Brands that don’t use toluene, dibutyl phthalate (DBP) or formaldehyde
“5-free”: Brands that are 3-free + formaldehyde resin or camphor.
Between 1988 and 2015, overall pet ownership in the United States has increased from 56% to 65%. Today, more than 79 million households own at least one pet. Pet owners are prioritizing and investing in the care and health of their pets, encouraging the pet care industry to quickly replace the term “pet owners” with “pet parents”.
People want their pets to lead healthy lives—They plan activities for them, comfort them, search for the best gear and bathing supplies, learn about their nutrition needs for every life-stage, and invest in pet beds for a comfortable night sleep. For many families, pets are members of the family.
A study by Pew Research showed that 85% of dog owners considered their pet to be part of their family
With the same expectation of feeding our human family nutritious food, choosing the best food for your pet can be tricky. Pet food nutrition labels are often formatted similarly to human food, but the nutritional values of pet food is hard to understand. Transparency about ingredient amounts, sources, and processing methods is often difficult to obtain. Plus, many brands use the same ingredient providers and manufacture products at the same processing facilities.
So, how do you choose the best pet food, with the highest nutritional value for the best price? Continue reading →
Some of the most vulnerable skin on our body is found on our face. Typically left exposed to the elements, the skin our face and lips is an important place to take special care of.
Lip products have long evolved from the days of the original tubs of Vaseline and Carmex. Now packed with products from tints and sunscreens to gloss and moisturizers, the lip care product aisle can get confusing quick.
How “clean” can your clothes get when the soap you are using may contain potentially hazardous chemicals, or fragrances that you may be allergic too?
Cleaning products are among the most significant sources of exposure to toxic chemicals in the home. Many of the products we use to scrub, whiten and soften our loads of laundry are made with ingredients that raise concerns for human health and our environment. Continue reading →
The average American is said to use nine personal care products containing more than 126 different ingredients every day. When choosing products we use on and around us, is it best to choose the product with less ingredients? Or the product with the most natural ingredients? What about simply choosing a product based on the packaging claims, like “hypoallergenic”, “all natural” or “dermatologist recommended”?
The importance of choosing the right product increases exponentially when making the choice for our children, and — let’s be honest — reading the label of any product can be dizzying. GoodGuide is here to help.
A recent article published by WebMD reported 80% of infectious diseases are transmitted by touch. Good handwashing, then, is still one of the best ways to avoid getting sick.
We all know we’re supposed to wash our hands, right? But how often do we skip it?
In 2013, researchers at Michigan State University conducted an undercover study to see how many people actually washed their hands before leaving a public bathroom. What they found was … kind of gross. While only 7 percent of women and 15 percent of men skipped washing their hands all together, a whopping 95 percent of people didn’t wash their hands properly. Which, as it turns out, can be as bad as skipping it all together.
Don’t despair. GoodGuide’s 1,187 candy ratings and our candy buying guide can help you better understand the health and environmental issues so you can narrow your choices and delight those Trick-or-Treaters with purchases that reflect your values.
An Overview of the Issues
Several social and environmental issues come into play around chocolate, the #1 candy choice for Halloween, so we’ll focus on the issues related to cocoa cultivation. Grown close to the equator in Africa, Asia and Central and South America, cocoa is a global commodity. The most important impacts associated with cocoa cultivation include:
Child and slave labor — Wide ranging human rights abuses and exploitation, including child trafficking and child and slave labor particularly in West Africa, are still a common problem in cocoa production.
Traceability and fair pricing — Companies rarely purchase cocoa from farms directly. Cocoa is mostly grown on small family farms, which rely on a complex series of intermediaries to transport the crop to processors. Chocolate is also a multi-ingredient product containing cocoa components such as cocoa butter and cocoa solids as well as other components, all potentially coming from a variety of sources. Because product traceability is difficult, farmers often don’t have the ability to maximize their crop’s value, and commodity prices paid can be far lower than market value.
Ecological impacts — Older crops produce less yield, resulting in farmers using additional pesticides to keep production high. Cocoa also grows best when under a protective shade canopy of a tropical forest.
Health — With respect to the health benefits of chocolate, most products are made with sugar, milk, and several other additives – the dietary problems associated with the sugar and fat content of candies will compete with the potential health benefits of the anti-oxidants in cacao.
GoodGuide’s recommendation: Look for these product certifications that ensure the chocolate has been produced under industry leading labor and environmental conditions:
The Fair Trade Certified™ Label guarantees consumers that strict economic, social and environmental criteria were met in the production and trade of an agricultural product. Fair Trade Certification is currently available in the U.S. for coffee, tea and herbs, cocoa and chocolate, fresh fruit, flowers, sugar, rice, and vanilla. TransFair USA licenses companies to display the Fair Trade Certified label on products that meet strict international Fair Trade standards.
Product environmental rating indicates whether a product is Rainforest Alliance Certified. Under the auspices of the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN), an international coalition of leading conservation groups, the Rainforest Alliance works with farmers to ensure compliance with the SAN standards for protecting wildlife, wild lands, workers’ rights and local communities. Farms that meet these rigorous standards are awarded the Rainforest Alliance Certified seal.
Product environmental rating indicating whether a product is Fair For Life certified. “Fair for life” is a brand neutral third party certification program for social accountability and fair trade in agricultural, manufacturing and trading operations. The Fair for Life Social & Fair Trade Certification Programme offers operators of socially responsible projects a solution for objective inspection and certification by a highly qualified external verifier. It combines strict social and fair trade standards with adaptability to local conditions.
Certified USDA Organic indicates that a product is produced using organic methods or made with organic ingredients. Organic farming systems rely on ecologically based practices such as cultural and biological pest management, exclusion of all synthetic chemicals, antibiotics, and hormones in crop and livestock production. Certification is conducted by entities that have been approved by the US Department of Agriculture, using national standards that define organic production.
How We Rate Candy
Our scientific ratings range from 0 to 10 — the higher the score, the better the product.
Our summary rating combines product- and company-level information reflecting a product’s health, environmental and social impacts. The best products rate 8 or above; the worst rate 4 or below. We also provide sub-scores for Health, Environment and Society:
Health ratings for candy are based on the nutritional value of the food. We use a standard method of nutrient assessment called the “Ratio of Recommended to Restricted Nutrients” (RRR). The RRR calculates the ratio of “good” to “bad” nutrients to provide an overall picture of a food’s nutrition profile. For most types of food, the list of recommended nutrients includes protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, and fiber. The list of restricted nutrients includes calories, saturated fat, cholesterol, sugar, and sodium. For more on how the RRR is calculated and scored, see GoodGuide’s Food Methodology.
Environment and Social scores are assigned to candy by combining product-level environmental indicators with company-level environmental indicators. We look at these relatively comprehensive certification programs: FairTrade, USDA Organic, Rainforest Alliance, and Fair For Life. Our summary Environmental scores and Social scores are then weighted 50% product-level and 50% company-level.